Post-Revolutionary Period 1983-1991
After the tragic demise of the Revolution of 1979, and the People's Revolutionary Government in 1983, Grenada returned to a certain measure of democratic constitutionality, and political and social stability. There was the restoration of political democracy and a return to parliament democracy.
The four and a half years of Revolutionary Government in Grenada, which was essentially characterised by the experiment in Marxist-Leninist ideologies and philosophy, was a period good and evil. The P.R.G., the Government of that period 1979-1983, initiated and implemented some good policies politically, socially, economically, and otherwise. For example, the National Insurance Scheme (N.I.S.), the continuing adult education programme (CPE). The agro-industries enterprise, the national transport service (N.T.S.), free secondary and tertiary education. Equal pay for equal work for all women. The maternity leave law. The full involvement of women in production, and greater participation of people in the political and economic affairs of the country. For these and many other policies the P.R.G must be commended.
In the beginning, the Revolution was welcomed, and was in fact very popular with many, if not the majority of Grenadians - both at home and abroad, especially because of the crude; dictatorial, and often brutal methods of the Gairy regime. However, and notwithstanding the fact of its initial popularity, both the P.R.G. and the P.R.A (the military arm or the P.R.G) eventually lost popularity and credibility among many Grenadians because of the brutality of the methods of some elements of the P.R.A and P.R.G.
Undoubtedly, there were some good, honest people both in the P.R.G and P.R.A. However, somewhere along the way things got out of hand. Some said and did many things that were not truly reflective of the Revolution. Many also took the law into their hands and terrorised and brutalised many, especially those whom they perceived as not supportive of the Revolution. These and many other negative factors contributed to the eventual demise of the Revolution in 1983.
However, between the end of October 1983 to December 1991 some notable events took place. Among them were:
On October 25th 1983, the joint U.S.A./Caribbean forces intervened in Grenada which helped to bring some form of stability to the society. Shortly thereafter an Interim Government was appointed by the then Governor-General Sir Paul Scoon under the leadership of Mr. Nicholas Braithwaite. This was the beginning of the return of political and social sanity to the country.
In 1984 there was general elections when the N.N.P. came into power under the Leadership of the late H.A. Blaize, winning fourteen (14) seats, and the G.U.L.P. winning one (1) seat.
In 1985 Queen Elizabeth II visited Grenada and opened a session of Parliament.
Also in 1985, a committee under the chairmanship of Sir Fred Phillips was appointed to review the Grenada Constitution.
The trial of the former Leaders of the PRG and the PRA began on the 6th December 1986. They were sentenced to death by hanging after their trial by the High Court of Grenada, which began in April 1986.
Also in 1986, the late President Ronald Reagan visited Grenada and met with all Caricom heads of Government.
In 1989 the Caricom heads of Government held their usual meeting in Grenada. The then Prime Minister of Grenada H.A. Blaize chaired that meeting.
Prime Minister Blaize died in December 1989 and the late Mr. Ben Jones was appointed Prime Minister until the next election which took place in March 1990.
Before the 1990 elections the N.N.P. splintered into three groups. The N.D.C. carne into being under the leadership of Mr. George Brizan. The T.N.P. also came into being under the leadership of the late Mr. Ben Jones. And the N.N.P. remained under the leadership of Dr. Keith Mitchell.
At the 1990 elections the N.D.C. won 7 seats. The T.N.P. won 2 seats. The N.N.P. won 2 seats and the G.U.L.P. won 4 seats. Consequently the T.N.P. party joined with the N.D.C. party to form the Government. So there was an N.D.C. - T.N.P. Government led by Mr. Nicholas Braithwaite.
The death sentence of the former Leaders of the P.R.G. and P.R.A was commuted to life imprisonment on 15th August 1991.
An important Legislative enactment in 1991 was the Constitutional Judicature (Restoration) Act No. 19 of 1991 that brought back the O.E.C.S. Court and the Privy Council and at the same time prevented any further appeal arising out of the Maurice Bishop Trial from going to the Privy Council.
What is noteworthy of observation during the period 1983-1991 was that there were no serious incidents of violence in Grenada.