NOTE: Draft of Speech - "Education for People's Power, Production and Defense." The only available copy of the 4th
Anniversary speech is in draft form. It has been reproduced as typed.
edit the document changing “their” to “our” and “us” to “we” and
“really accelerated,” for example. These changes have not been made.
Paragraphing has had some modification for readability.
Sisters and brothers,
Patriots of Free Grenada,
On behalf of the New Jewel Movement and
Revolutionary Government, I extend to you all our warmest revolutionary
greetings on this 4th Anniversary of our
For us as indeed it is for all
freedom-loving Grenadians at home
and abroad, today is a time of joyous celebration as we mark the most
date in our calendar – March 13, 1979.
Four years ago on that fateful Tuesday
morning the struggling
masses of our believe homeland opened a new chapter in their history,
taking their destiny into their own hands for the first time.
On that day they began to build a
process that would lift Grenada out of the darkness of oppression,
and backwardness and bring it forward into a bright and liberating
Four years after freedom came to this land
the foundations of
that new revolutionary process are now firmly rooted in our social
today out people are involved in the momentous task of constructing the
of freedom, justice and happiness on strong revolutionary pillars.
Later today with a military parade of our
people in uniform and
with street dances and parties all over the country we will bring to a
climax the fourth festival of our revolution.
Comrades, as you know, the character of
this year’s festival has
been somewhat different to the previous three while at the same time
maintaining the majority of the features our people have become
Instead of a mass rally in the Queen’s
Park on March 13,
yesterday our people attended some 12 smaller rallies in every parish
As you recall, last year over 25,000
patriotic Grenadians and
hundreds of foreign guests and friends gathered in Queen’s Park for the
mass rally in the history of our people.
But because of our country’s limited
transport resources some
10,000 more patriots who wanted to come to Queen’s Park found
stranded on the roadside.
To avoid a repetition of this problem our
party and Government
therefore decided on a new approach this year which was to break up
massive event into a number of mini events around the nation.
So, at scores of rallies in workplaces and
communities the theme
of the 4th festival still reached thousands upon
workers, farmers, women, youth and students.
The productivity exhibition, the sporting
competitions, the village beautification, the launching of new economic
and a host of other traditional aspects of our festival of the
carried out by our people this year with the same revolutionary
they displayed in previous festivals.
The many different events over the past
three weeks and the
dozens of speeches by the leadership have all been organised and
the spirit of the festival theme which bears a close relationship to
overall theme for 1983, the year of Political and Academic Education.
This festival theme was carefully chosen
scientifically analysing the present stage of our people’s struggle and
identifying the immediate needs and tasks inherent in this stage our
Government concluded that our emphasis for the fourth festival should
be on education
for people’s power, production and defence.
Comrades, when we celebrate four years of
people’s power we are
not honouring an abstract concept but instead recognising a concrete
We are celebrating the undeniable fact
that today our working
people have more of an opportunity than ever before to exercise genuine
political power and to put their labour power into the creation of
wealth that will benefit them and their children.
This festival theme says that education
gives more power to the
people and that political and economic power can never be effectively
by an uneducated people.
It is only with and through education that
our working people can
exercise the power they won on March 13, 1979 with confidence and
And it is only with education that our
people can fully
understand the monumental implications of their action on that
when they overthrew the Gairy dictatorship four years ago and of the
mission and responsibility that this revolutionary action thrust upon
Furthermore, political education will make
clear how power
exercised in the interest of the working people, who comprise the
our population, will bring about the fundamental social and economic
our society which are necessary to improve the quality of life for the
Education for people’s power means the
building of class
consciousness among our working people.
It means a deeper and fuller understanding
of our history of
oppression and exploitation from the days of slavery, through
neo-colonialism and Gairyism.
It means understanding why today
imperialism stands as the major obstacle
to the progress of working people all over the world.
And, it strengthens our appreciation for
the various organs of
peoples power such as the zonal and parish councils and for the 5
which our new revolutionary democracy is being built: responsibility,
accountability, participation, benefits for the masses and electability.
With education our people can never be
fooled, brambled or led
astray by lies, rumours and superstitions.
Through education for people’s power and
participation our masses
will understand that in this great historical drama-called revolution
not merely the passive audience manipulated by the directors and a
actors but that they occupy centre stage and are directing the dramatic
in their own interests.
And comrades, when we say education for
production what do we
Is there a link between education for
power and education for
Can production be increased without
political and academic
Our working people as the new actors in
drama must know the answers to these questions.
They must understand that more and more of
the Grenadian economy
of today and most certainly in the economy of tomorrow and in the years
science and technology will be introduced to increase productivity.
Economic life in our society is fast
becoming more complexed,
more intricate, more sophisticated.
As we push forward over the next 3 years
with the struggle to
wipe out unemployment in our homeland, hundreds of new jobs will be
jobs which will demand skills and higher levels of training and
for tractor drivers, soil scientists, farm managers, agricultural
accountants, co-operative farmers, extension officers, plumbers,
masons, carpenters, painters, architects, surveyors, engineers, and
Today, our economy stands on the threshold
of a new era – the era
of skills training and of education for production.
Like a giant airplane poised at the top of
the runway, with
revved up engine ready for takeoff it cannot move unless it has a
pilot, a skilled flight engineer and educated navigator.
In other words, our free working people
will never effective
exercise their historic mission of driving the Grenadian economy into
century if they lack the skills and the education required for this
Comrades, when we speak about education
for production we are
also saying that our working people must understand why the Revolution
priority to certain economic projects like our international airport,
plant, our post expansion, our Eastern Main Road, agricultural feeder
The worker education classes now taking
place in dozens of
factories, estates and offices around the country will make it clear to
people that in revolutionary Grenada today when they work and produce
so for themselves, for their children and for the nation, not for massa
the big boys who once ruled this country.
Today, our workers must know that when
they work harder and
produce more they will not only build Grenada but they and their
reap the fruits of increased productivity in the form of higher wages,
profits, free secondary education, free dental and medical care, house
benefits and so on.
Through education for production our
workers will grasp the
importance of exercising their newly-won democratic rights at their
What is to be produced, how much is to be
produced over what
period of time and in what manner, how work performance is to be
evaluated, what is the financial state of the enterprise, how often and
type of emulation ceremonies are to take place, how working conditions
improved, what grievances should be addressed and many other questions
to production should be of interest and concern to every workers at
workplace in today’s Grenada.
Such are his and her rights in our new
and education will make it clear that the exercise of these rights must
responsibility of free workers as we begin the fifth year of people’s
If with education our workers fully
comprehend that the causes
and the drastic effects of the present world capitalist crisis on our
and on the economies of all poor, developing countries then they will
necessity to swiftly break away from the economic dependence on
If by education for production our farmers
take full advantage of
the Ministry of Agriculture’s new machinery pool, its fertiliser and
input programmes and its modern, scientific techniques and methods of
then they will clearly see the concrete rewards of collaboration and
cooperation by higher production yields and lower production costs.
And, comrades, the third and final element
in this year’s
festival theme places emphasis on education for defence.
Of what lasting value is our people’s
newly won power and their
increasing productivity if on the spur of a moment or by a mere whim
imperialism can roll back these gains because we lack the capacity to
History has proven that revolutions which
have been defeated by
imperialism are ones where the masses were not armed.
And history has also taught us that when a
people are armed not
only with weapons but also with consciousness and education no force on
can turn back their forward march into the new dawn.
In 1983 we have an obligation to apply
those lessons of history.
When our people in uniform pick up their
guns to defend their
Revolution they must know they are defending their new and expanded
rights and their right to chart their own course of social and economic
Education for defence will make for a
sharper and fuller
appreciation of the world anti-imperialist and anti-fascist struggles
sovereignty, integrity and self-determination of popular revolutions
cannot be maintained unless they are defended.
Make no mistake about it, comrades,
imperialism is not sleeping.
It is the implacable enemy of every
genuine revolution in the
When it is not threatening with its
military aggressions it is
destabilising with its economic and propaganda sabotage.
For sure, as indeed for all revolutions,
the question of defence
is not only a military question but means also the protection of our
sovereignty against the daily barrage of imperialist ideological
through its mass media.
It means protesting our people against the
of cultural imperialism, against calculated lies, wicked rumours,
information and twisted half-truths.
Finally, this year’s festival theme has
served to remind us all
that education for people’s power, education for production, education
defence, indeed all forms of education with a revolutionary objective
the individual and the nation, a cherished human right and once
becomes a treasured possession, an invaluable asset that cannot be
from us, a living, growing process that is further enriched by every
acquired understanding, by each new insight, by every additional piece
Comrades, two days ago our party and our
fighting people marked
the 10th Anniversary [11 March 1973] of the
formation of the New
Jewel Movement with justifiable pride and satisfaction.
Ten years ago on this day a united,
purposeful, organised political
force came into being out of a merger of two progressive organisations:
Endeavour for Welfare, Education and Liberation (JEWEL) and Movement
Assemblies of the People (MAP).
Within days [“months” is handwritten above
“days”] of its formation
the New Jewel Movement made public its manifesto and programme which
its vision for a new Grenada, a Grenada free of exploitation and
Ten years later that manifesto and
programme is being
systematically fulfilled as our party continues to shine a beacon on
which lies ahead.
The celebration of the NJM’s 10th
birthday takes on a
special significance today March 13, the day four years ago when our
the Grenadian people to final victory over the Gairy dictatorship thus
a long and bitter struggle that began in the very first year of the
Today, we must pause to reflect on the
rough road the NJM has
travelled since 1973 and on the many signposts along the way:
People’s Parliament in Seamoon, the brutal
beatings of Bloody Sunday.
daily mas demonstrations in the streets of
St. George’s in January 1974.
tragic events on Bloody Monday, the
countless beatings and torture, the murders,
rigged elections of 1976, the indignities,
and insults of Gairy’s so-called Parliament, the denial of basic human
throughout all these difficulties
the Party stood firm with the people, always struggling with the people
behalf of the people come rain or shine, always open, honest and frank
masses, leading them but also learning from them.
took six years of organised
struggle to remove the tyrannical Gairy regime but comrades, it will
more years of struggle to remove the legacy of backwardness and
left by Gairyism.
13, 1979 ended one stage of our
people’s struggle and began a new stage, the struggle against
the struggle for national construction.
New Jewel Movement, the vanguard
of our working people, will continue to lead and guide our country
new stage in our struggle.
growth and maturity of the New
Jewel Movement over these past ten years has meant a radical departure
anti-working class parties of the old type which once dominated
political culture, parties that represented the interests of the ruling
and the exploiters, parties that made deals with colonialism and
parties manipulated by a handful of opportunists who occasionally spoke
name of the people when it was convenient to do so but who always acted
interests of the people’s enemies.
we have all right to celebrate
10 years of building the NJM, the party of a new type, one with a
a plan on how to construct the new and just society, a party comprising
most patriotic, conscious, incorruptible, disciplined and
persons in our society, a party guided by the highest moral and
we have all right to celebrate
our party’s 10 years of revolutionary experience and performance, 10
years of combining
revolutionary thought and action, theory and practice.
comrades just as 10 years is an
important landmark in the life of any political organisation so too is
a significant anniversary in the life of any Revolution.
know, next year we will mark
the end of 5 years of people’s power in our country, the culmination of
early years of growth, of a period when our party and our patriotic
acted as guardians of our young Revolution, sustaining and nurturing,
protecting and guiding, making sure that the health and strength of our
process be always safeguarded, laying the basis for its future growth
this in mind our party and
Government plans next year to give our young Revolution its biggest
fifth festival of the Revolution
will see many more activities than in previous years.
of people from all over the
world will be invited to join us in the festivities.
are that hundreds of
Grenadians living abroad and score of our Caribbean sisters and
neighbouring countries will also join us next March.
Anniversary of our
glorious Revolution will be a truly extravaganza event, bigger and
better than ever
before, a giant festival that we can all look forward to with keen
and one for which we should begin to plan and prepare from tomorrow.
and brothers, comrades,
hours ago our delegation
returned home from New Delhi, India, having attended the successful 7th
Summit meeting of the Non-Aligned Movement.
since we joined the Movement in
September 1979 and were elected to the Co-ordinating Bureau, the organ
ensures the application of the agreements adopted at the summits,
played an active role in this Movement which is made up of 85 of our sister developing
countries and our
involvement has greatly enhanced the prestige and credibility of the
have consistently upheld the lofty
principles upon which the movement was founded in 1961, principles such
anti-imperialism, anti-colonialism, anti-neo-colonialism, support for
national liberation struggles, for international détente, for a new
economic order and opposition to apartheid, racism, Zionism, and
New Delhi meeting Grenada added
its voice to the demand of the Non-Aligned Movement for urgent measures
the arms race, to reduce international tensions and to eliminate all
of colonial rule around the world.
called on the Movement to give special
consideration to the problems of small developing island states and we
that an international conference be held soon on this subject with the
endorsement and approval of the entire Non-Aligned Movement.
accordance with one of the principles
of the movement – greater economic and political co-operation among the
developing countries – we held a number of bilateral meetings with
state and leaders of delegations in which we discussed the devastating
of the world capitalist crisis on our economies and how we could
strengthen our co-operation, unity and co-ordination in the struggle
for a new
international economic and information order.
also examined ways in which this
South-South co-operation could be translated into a common negotiating
vis-à-vis the rich, developed countries of the North especially on the
of a fair and equitable balance in world trade.
as we have said on a number
of occasions, the world today is in the midst of a serious economic
which began in 1979, one from which no poor, developing country has
is no exception.
the first year of our Revolution
the world market prices for our nutmegs, cocoa and bananas had steadily
declined while the prices of food and manufactured goods we import from
industrialised countries has steadily risen.
other words, our economy has been
earning less revenue for its exports and paying out more for its
spite of the devastating effects
of this crisis on our economy, in spite of the dismal legacy of
underdevelopment, corruption and mismanagement from the Gairy
in a regional context where other national economies are sinking under
heavy weight of debt to the West we have been able not only to keep our
above the water but even to swim forward.
by any standards comrades, the
economic performance of our Revolution in four years of people’s power
impressive if not startling.
consider a few statistics that
were announced in Cde. Coard’s report on the economy on February 24th
and with which our
people are by now
familiar having studied and discussed and criticised the report in
revolutionary democratic parish and zonal councils over the past two
-Stats. And other features from the
-what accounted for this impressive
-upcoming budget day (March 17th)
-what must be done to maintain this
- fresh new facts on the world
comrades as we close the chapter on
the fourth year of our Revolution and open the door leading into the 5th
year of people’s power and participation what are the tasks and the
responsibilities, and the challenges that confront us as party and
that the fifth year of
revolution must be the time when we transform our country into one big
school, the time when our people must hunger and thirst for knowledge
leaning, the time when our people must begin to untap their enormous
potential and apply their creative abilities to the raising of
fifth year of people’s power must
be the time when our revolutionary culture gives birth to more
inventors like the proud beetle trap man from St. David’s who was our
first worker of the year.
must be the time for our people to
heighten their appreciation and understanding of their history, their
struggles, their culture, their traditions, their arts and sciences and
of other free peoples around the world.
must, in the final analysis, be the
time for political and academic education.
pointed out in our New Year’s
address the main educational task in this period must be to push ahead
vigourously with the CPE Adult Education programme, which as the
says, will take you from where you are to where you want to do.
of our working people must be
brought into this excellent programme so that by the end of the 5th
year of Revolution the present enrollment of 5,000 should be doubled.
CPE certificate our working
people will have more access to job opportunities, to skills training
must also pay much attention to the
consolidation and development of the National In-Service Teacher
Programme (NISTEP), the Community School Day Programme (CSDP) and to
various technical training programmes already on stream.
our primary and secondary
school students should take a more serious and disciplined approach to
internationalists, our duties and
responsibilities in the fifth year of Revolution must extend beyond our
live in a region and in a world
where nations and peoples are interconnected, where the isolation of
the many is virtually impossible.
region, the Grenada Revolution
has the historic responsibility of struggling for a Caribbean
movement that will bring Caribbean peoples together and of illuminating
a new path
to development for the struggling masses of the region.
understand clearly that our
development and the development of all Caribbean peoples is not
possible in an
atmosphere of tension, of strife, of military threats and aggressions,
denial of human rights, of rampant oppression, of exploitative
is why we have repeatedly called
for the Caribbean to be declared and recognised in practice as a zone
independence and development.
is why we have resolutely pursued
a foreign policy based on friendship, good neighbourliness, mutual
sovereignty and non-interference in the domestic affairs of other
as Grenada can never be isolated
from the region so too the Caribbean cannot be isolated from the world.
concern for peace must reach beyond
our Caribbean sea and embrace the whole of humanity.
peace is our business as it is
the business of all nations, large or small.
call for an immediate end to the
arms race because we know that in a nuclear war there will be no
call for immediate disarmament
because we know that billions of dollars in economic resources are
on guns and bombs instead of on poverty, disease, illiteracy, and other
of human misery.
people who struggled for years
against a fascist dictatorship we have an obligation to continue
just struggles of the people of Southern Africa and Central America who
fighting for their freedom and independence and to remain firm in our
uncompromising opposition to imperialism and the forces of reaction all
and freedom are indivisible and
the denial of freedom anywhere must endanger freedom elsewhere and
lead to conflict and war.
to a peaceful and productive 5th
year of people’s power.
live the people of our beloved
live the Grenada Revolution!
EVER, BACKWARD NEVER!